The body mass index (BMI) is the weight or mass (in kilograms, kg) of the body divided by the square of the body height (in meters, m). The unit of BMI is kg/m2. The formula a Belgian mathematician, Adolphe Quetelet, in the nineteenth century. The index is still used, previously named after its inventor. But, since 1972, it has been known as the “body mass index”.
Given an average proportioned height and weight, low scores suggest being underweight, high scores being overweight for your height. The tool provides an objective way to compare people and allows clinicians and patients to discuss weight, a topic that is often subject to personal bias and sensitivity. There are many online tools available to calculate BMI and interpret the meaning of resulting scores.
As with all such formulas, it is not a one-size-fits-all tool. Results tend to skew for persons who are particularly short, tall, with large skeletal frames, or who are very muscular. There are even some minor ethnicity-related deviations in expected BMI score outcomes. Many use standard BMI for diverse populations because it is fairly accurate in about seventy-five percent of the population and widely applied.
The contemporary Smart BMI (SBMI) was first applied in February of 2014. Recalibration of the formula continues as new international health data becomes available. Unlike BMI, it takes age and sex into account, in addition to weight and height. Its aim is to more accurately represent health-risk, not just a body weight classification. Persons who are transgendered should use birth-sex in the formula for more accurate score outcomes.
Some may find celebrity diets, cosmetic surgeries, and gastric-banding important to and for them. But, high-quality routine consumption, regular exercise for fitness and attention to your SBMI will be safer and more effective longterm. ISG Health believes that your fitness and good health matters.